Preventive programmes

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Preventive programmes are implemented to diagnose a disease in early stage, when it is easily curable. To test according to the mentioned programmes, you have to address your family doctor, who will present you the programmes in detail and prescribe necessary analysis. After assessing the possibility of a disease, a patient will be provided with a plan of primary prevention tools; its implementation and efficiency will be monitored by the doctor. After assessing your health condition (if the analysis shows that you are referred to a high risk group), the doctor will send you for a more detailed analysis to specialized medical departments. You will be provided with long term prevention recommendations. For people of a very high risk group, a plan of lifestyle, treatment and its monitoring will be formed.

Cervical cancer prevention programme

Target group: Women aged 25-60;
Goal: To decrease the women morbidity and mortality with cervical cancer, to detect early pre-malignant disease of the cervix and stop the opportunity for cervical cancer to develop;
Frequency of screening: Once every 3 years;
Screening test: Pap smear test; after the results, biopsy may be done to confirm or disprove the diagnosis objectively.

Selective breast cancer screening programme

Target group: Women aged 50-69;
Goal: To indicate whether there are changes in a breast, to detect pre-malignant breast changes or breast cancer as soon as possible. To decrease the women morbidity of cancer;
Frequency of screening: Once every 2 years;
Screening test:
 mammography breast screening; with a family doctor’s referral to perform the mammography screening, you may register in advance (by coming or by phone) at a medical institution that has mammography equipment. Family doctors inform about the results when they receive them from institutions where mammography is analyzed.

Colorectal cancer early detection programme

Target group: men and women aged 50-74;
Goal: To detect cancer in early stages while treatment is still effective. To diagnose the disease is difficult as patients do not feel any symptoms of it for a long time, whereas to totally cure cancer of a late stage (IV) is impossible;
Frequency of screening: Once every 2 years;
Screening test: Fecal occult blood test (iFOBT); if the answer is positive – family doctors will refer patients to medical specialists. Colonoscopy or biopsy are ways to confirm the bowel cancer objectively.

Prostate cancer early diagnostics programme

Target group: Men aged 50-69; men aged 45 years old if their parents or brothers had prostate cancer;
Goal: To detect prostate cancer as soon as possible, because around 50 % of patients do not feel any symptoms;
Frequency of screening: Once every 2 years;
Screening test:
 blood test is performed showing the concentration of prostate specific antigen (PSA) in blood. If PSA exceeds the norm, family doctors refer patients to consult urologists, they perform prostate cancer biopsy if in need.

Cardiovascular disease prevention programme

Target group: Men aged 40-55 years old, women aged 50-65;
Goal: To decrease cardiovascular morbidity (angina pectoris, heart attack, cerebral ischemia, stroke, peripheral arterial thrombosis). To select the sick with diabetes or atherosclerosis that do not feel any health disorders, in order to stop the development of these diseases;
Frequency of screening: Once every year;
Screening test:
 Family doctors indicate risk factors and form individual cardiovascular prevention plan, if necessary. If doctors indicate that the possibility of cardiovascular diseases is big, they send patients to specialized centers for detailed analysis, and the treatment is set, if necessary. It is important to know that once a year glucose, cholesterol, triglycerides concentration in blood analysis, ECG and other analysis can be performed free-of-charge to show whether patients belong to a high risk group.

Last edit on: 2022-05-26, 00:31:21